Accueil / Barbecue / Béarnaise… Comment faire une vraie béarnaise ?
béarnaise

Béarnaise… Comment faire une vraie béarnaise ?

béarnaise

La réputation de la vrai béarnaise «maison» n’est plus à faire.

Soyez la star du bon goût ! Une béarnaise servie avec une bonne pièce de bœuf, côte à l’os, entrecôte, filet pur, château brillant, pavé etc…
selon votre goût, une bonne salade et des bonnes frites belges, bien sûr, c’est un repas festif.

La base acide de la béarnaise peut se faire à l’avance et se conserve très bien au réfrigérateur, on l’appelle « gastrique ».

Ingrédients de la sauce béarnaise pour +/- 4 personnes

  • 500 gr de beurre clarifié (voir l’explication plus bas sur cette page)
  • 4 jaunes d’œufs
  • 2,5 cl de gastrique
  • 15 gr d’estragon haché
  • sel et poivre

Ingrédients de la gastrique

  • 100 gr d’échalotes
  • 10 cl de vin blanc
  • 10 cl de vinaigre
  • 100 gr de branches d’estragon frais
  • 1 petit bouquet garni
  • 1 c. à c. de poivre noir concassé

Préparation de la sauce béarnaise

  • Pelez et hachez les échalotes.
  • Versez-les dans un poêlon avec le vin blanc, le vinaigre, 10 cl d’eau, les branches d’estragon, le bouquet garni et le poivre concassé.
  • Portez à ébullition et laisser réduire pour obtenir 10 cl.
  • Passez ensuite au chinois et réservez.
    Votre gastrique est prête !
  • Faites fondre le beurre lentement à feu doux.
  • Lorsque le petit-lait (suspension apparaissant à la surface du beurre lorsqu’il se liquéfie à feu doux) est coagulé, retirez-le du poêlon à l’aide d’une écumoire.
  • Versez ensuite le beurre clarifié dans une saucière en prenant soin de ne pas ajouter les résidus déposés dans le fond du poêlon.
  • Dans un poêlon ou au bain-marie, fouettez les jaunes d’œufs avec 2,5 cl de gastrique pour obtenir un mélange mousseux et ferme, maximum à 70°C.
  • Retirez le poêlon du feu et incorporez-y, peu à peu, le beurre clarifié.
  • Salez et poivrez et ajoutez les feuilles d’estragon hachées.

Félicitations, vous savez faire de la béarnaise, désormais.

Que sont les sauces émulsionnées chaudes ?

La béarnaise est une sauce émulsionnée chaude. Il est bon de savoir que :

L’émulsion est le mélange énergique d’un corps gras (huile, beurre) avec du vinaigre, de l’eau ou du jus de citron, dont l’effet mousseux est provoqué par l’ajout d’un émulsifiant, le plus connu étant le jaune d’œuf.

 

Comment faire un beurre clarifié ?

Le beurre clarifié est un beurre dont on a retiré l’eau et les solides du lait. Une fois clarifié, le beurre peut soutenir des températures de cuisson plus élevées, ce qui le rend mieux adapté à la cuisson dans la poêle. On l’utilise également comme base à plusieurs types de sauces.

Dans une casserole ou une poêle peu profonde, faire fondre le beurre à feu doux jusqu’à ce qu’il se liquéfie. Au fur et à mesure qu’il fond, écumer la surface (retirer délicatement la mousse qui flotte vers le dessus à l’aide d’une cuillère).

Lorsque la couche du dessus prend une couleur jaune claire (il s’agit du beurre clarifié) et que les solides sont tombés au fond, verser délicatement la couche clarifiée dans un bocal ou un contenant propre – à travers un tamis tapissé d’une étamine si possible -, en laissant les solides dans la poêle.

Vous devrez peut-être utiliser une petite cuillère pour récupérer délicatement le reste du beurre clarifié. Utilisez le beurre clarifié immédiatement ou laissez-le refroidir, en le couvrant de façon serrée et en le réfrigérant, jusqu’à trois semaines. Faire fondre de nouveau au moment d’utiliser.

On peut ajouter les solides aux sauces, aux pommes de terre en purée ou aux soupes pour une texture plus riche. Assurez-vous de réfrigérer les solides non utilisés et de les utiliser durant la semaine suivante.

Source : Comment clarifier le beurre – Conseils pratiques – Le beurre | Plaisirs laitiers

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