Accueil / Recette française / Tout sur le foie gras : conseils et recettes
foie gras, conseil et recette

Tout sur le foie gras : conseils et recettes

Le foie gras – foie d’oie ou de canard ?

foie gras - foie d'oie ou foie de canard ? coneils de cuisine
foie gras – foie d’oie ou foie de canard ?

Foie gras, nectar charmeur au palais des gourmets

Le foie gras est un produit de luxe et l’un des mets les plus choyés par les gastronomes.
La France est le premier producteur de foie gras, suivie de la Hongrie et d’Israël. La Belgique, la Roumanie, la Bulgarie et la Lithuanie en produisent, mais plus modestement.

Recettes simplement bonnes !

Hélas, pas de foie gras sans gavage !

Les oies et canards sont élevés pendant quatre mois en plein air et reçoivent une nourriture appropriée. Au cours des dernières semaines d’élevage, ils sont placés dans des petits bâtiments, soit dans des petits enclos, soit dans de petites cages. Le but est de les priver d’exercice et que les oiseaux accumulent des graisses.
Après avoir immobilisé l’oiseau ,le cou en extension, un tube pouvant atteindre 40 cm est introduit dans l’œsophage et la nourriture y est poussée dans l’estomac.
Les oies et les canards sont gavés trois à quatre fois par jour avec une nourriture à base de maïs salé cuisiné à la graisse de porc ou d’oies. Ce régime déséquilibré amène le foie à stocker des graisses.

Pendant trois à quatre semaines, les quantités augmentent chaque jour jusqu’à que l’oiseau reçoive 6 kilos par jour juste avant l’abattage. Cela équivaut à 12,5 kilos de spaghettis cuisinés par jour pour un humain.

Les pauvres oiseaux subissent une soif intense, leur cœur et leurs poumons compressés rendent la respiration difficile, ils ont du mal à se déplacer. Ils sont habituellement abattus après quatre semaine de gavage.
Le gavage est interdit en Autriche, au Danemark, en Norvège, en Allemagne et au Royaume-Uni.

Un foie normal de canard ou d’oie pèse 120 grames environ et présente une couleur rouge, le foie d’un oiseau gavé peut atteindre 1,3 kilo et présente une couleur jaunâtre et un aspect luisant.

Foie d’oie ou foie de canard !

C’est une question de goût !
L e foie d’oie est plus onctueux et d’une saveur très subtile. Le foie de canard a un goût plus marqué et sa consistance légèrement plus ferme.

Bon à savoir…. Moins le foie gras est cuit, plus ses arômes sont préservés !

foie gras - foie d'oie ou foie de canard ? coneils de cuisine
foie gras

A table !

En cette période, le foie gras cru à préparer soi-même se trouve assez aisément :
– proposé sous vide et toujours au froid il se conserve 7 jours entre 0 et 3 ° C,
– mi cuit, ou en semi-conserve, le foie gras a été pasteurisé, il est présenté en terrine, en boîte métallique ou sous vide et doit être impérativement maintenu au réfrigérateur entre 1° et 3°C. On peut le stocker plusieurs mois en respectant la date limite indiquée.
– enfin, le foie gras de conserve, en boîte ou en bocal a été stérilisé et peut se conserver à température ambiante.

Les vrais amateurs le préfèrent nature, avec seulement un peu de sel et poivre.
En Alsace, on l’assaisonne avec un mélange d’épices tandis que dans le Sud-Ouest, on y ajoute souvent un peu d’alcool.

Savoir servir le foie gras

Pour dégager au mieux son parfum et son goût, le foie gras doit être dégusté frais, mais non glacé, sortez-le du frigo ¼ d’heure avant sa dégustation.
Dès la sortie du réfrigérateur, découpez-le en tranches de 1 cm maximum .Pour obtenir de belles tranches de 50 gr par personne, utilisez un couteau sans dents dont la lame aura été passée sous l’eau très chaude.
Servez-le sur des assiettes préalablement refroidies.

Savoir le déguster

Pour apprécier pleinement tous les arômes du foie gras, servez-le en début de repas, quand le palais est encore neutre. Evitez de le tartiner, déposez-le sur une tranche de pain, sans l’écraser et laissez-le fondre dans la bouche.
Ne le servez pas avec du beurre, des cornichons ou de la vinaigrette mais plutôt avec une gelée de madère.

Quel vin choisir ?

En fonction du plat, choisissez un Gewürztraminer ou un Sauternes.

 

Comment choisir son foie gras

  • le foie gras entier est constitué du foie entier ou de plusieurs lobes.
    le foie gras est composé de morceaux de lobes agglomérés
    le bloc de foie gras est un foie reconstitué
    le parfait de foie contient au moins75%de foie gras additionné de foie maigre
    le médaillon ou pâté de foie gras comporte au moins 50% de foie gras entouré d’une farce
  • la galantine ou mousse de foie gras est constituée d’au moins 50% de foie mélangé à une farce.

Ceci vous intéressera aussi :

Délices de la Ferme d’Artagnan :

Présentation de la gamme de produits de l’oie et du canard

Le magret frais

Le filet d’oie : une saveur authentique

Moussette de foies d’oies au « PEKOUPEYE ».

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